Discover - Nepal recommands you to buy Guide to the Birds of Nepal !! Provides information on the 836 bird species found in Nepal. Breeding, habitat, behaviour and range are all covered in detail with special emphasis being given to the Himalayas. The book also contains data on those species whose breeding behaviour is little known.Contents: Topography, climate and vegetation; protected areas; bird distribution; changes in the Avifauna; migration; history of ornithology in Nepal; birdwatching areas; identification section; species accounts.
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Royal Suklaphanta Wildlife Reserve
Royal Suklaphanta Wildlife Reserve was until recently a royal hunting domain. It is dominated by sal trees associated with asna, semal, karma, khair and sissoo sub-species and phanta grasslands. A prime habitat for the swamp deer, it is also home for the wild elephant, tiger, hispid hare, blue bull, leopard, chittal, hog deer and wild boar, along with 200 recorded species of birds. Reptiles include the marsh mugger, Indian python, monitor lizard, cobra, krait and rat snake.
Royal Chitwan National Park
Royal Chitwan National Park (932 sq km) is the most popular safari destination. It covers a unique ecosystem in the world, containing the Churia hills, ox-bow lakes and flood plains. Dominated by sal forests, the park has 50 species of grasses. The 43 species of animals include the endangered one-horned rhino, royal Bangal tiger, gharial crocodile, gaur, wild elephant, four horned antelope, striped hyena, pangolin, Gangetic dolphin, monitor lizard and pythons.
Langtang National Park
Langtang National Park (1710 sq km) abounds in numerous vegetation types. Oaks, maple, various rhododendrons, chir pine, fir, blue pine, hemlock and spruce are found here. The latitudinal/topograhical variations show such diverse animals as the wild dog, Himalayan black bear, Himalayan tahr, ghoral, serow, rhesus monkey and common langur. This region is also an important route for migrating birds.
Rara National Park
Rara National Park (106 sq km) has its gem in Rara, Nepal's biggest lake (10.8 sq km) at 2990 m! The park ascends from 1800 to 4048m and abounds in coniferous forests of blue pine, black juniper, West Himalayan spruce, oak and Himalayan cypress as well as Indian horse-chestnut, walnut and Himalayan popular. It is an ideal habitat for the musk deer, Himalayan black beer, leopard, ghoral, Himalayan tahr and wild boar. Snow trout is the only fish found in Rara Lake.
Sagarmatha (Everest) National Park
Sagarmatha (Everest) National Park (1148 sq km), which includes the tallest mountain in the world, is listed as a World Heritage Site. Geologically young and broken into deep gorges and glacial valleys, the Park has vegetation graduating from pine, hemlock, fir, juniper, birch, rhododendrons, scrube, alpine, plants and then to bare rock and snow. This is home to the Himalayan tahr, ghoral, serow and musk deer. The Himalayan black bear and snow leopard are now rarely sighted.
Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve
The vegetation here is mainly of grassland, scrub and deciduous forests. the reserve is unique for its wild arna buffaloes. Other mammals are the hog deer, wild boar, spotted dear and blue bull. The species of birds total 280 here, including 20 of ducks, two of ibises, many stroks, egrets, herons and the endangered swamp partridges and Bengal floricans. The reserve is a resting place for migrating birds not seen anywhere in Nepal. The endangered gharial crocodile and Gangetic dolphin are also recorded in the Koshi River.
Royal Bardiya National Park
Royal Bardiya National Park (968 sq km) is the largest and most undisturbed wilderness area in the Terai. It is thickly forested by sal trees and is carpeted with grass, savannah and riverine forest. It is a regenerated habitat for endangered species like the rhinoceros, wild elephants, tiger, swamp deer, black buck, gharial crocodile and Gangetic dolphin. Endangered bird include the Bengal florican, lesser florican, silver-eared mesia and Sarus crane.
Shey-Phoksundo National Park
Shey-Phoksundo National Park (3555 sq km) is the biggest park in Nepal. Luxuriant forests of blue pine, spruce, cypress, poplar, deodar, fir and birch are found here. It is a primal habitat for the snow leopard and the blue sheep; so also for ghoral, Himalayan balck bear, Himalayan weasel, Himalayan mouse hare, yellow-throated marten, langur and rhesus monkeys. The park is equally rich in many kinds of birds.